French is the official language in 29 countries, most of which are members of la francophonie, the community of French-speaking countries. It is spoken as a first language in France, southern Belgium, western Switzerland, Monaco, certain parts of Canada and by various communities elsewhere. As of 2015, 40% of the francophone population (including L2 and partial speakers) is in Europe, 35% in sub-Saharan Africa, 15% in North Africa and the Mideast, 8% in America, and 1% in Asia and Oceania.
French is the second most widely spoken mother tongue in the European Union. 1/5 of non-Francophone Europeans speak French. In 2015, French was estimated to have 77 to 110 million native speakers, and 190 million secondary speakers. Approximately 270 million people are able to speak the language. Total French speakers will number approximately 500 million people in 2025 and 650 million people by 2050.